BangaloreOrbit is the leading Tourism information provider of Bangalore and Karnataka region. This portal is getting rich by 4000 good informative articles on tourism destination of Karnataka and near Bangalore. BangaloreOrbit.com is one stop online portal to fulfill online need of Bangalore and Karnataka people. This portal provides you best information available for Karnataka state. We are putting all our efforts to take Karnataka’s mirror to all around the world.

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KeralaOrbit is the leading Tourism information provider of Thiruvananthapuram and kerala region. This portal is getting rich by 4000 good informative articles on tourism destination of kerala and near Thiruvananthapuram. KeralaOrbit.com is one stop online portal to fulfill online need of Thiruvananthapuram and kerala people. This portal provides you best information available for kerala state. We are putting all our efforts to take kerala mirror to all around the world.

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MumbaiOrbit is the leading Tourism information provider of Mumbai and Maharashtra region. This portal is getting rich by 4000 good informative articles on tourism destination of Maharashtra and near Mumbai. MumbaiOrbit.com is one stop online portal to fulfill online need of Mumbai and Maharashtra people. This portal provides you best information available for Maharashtra state. We are putting all our efforts to take Maharashtra mirror to all around the world.

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GujaratOrbit is the leading Tourism information provider of Ahmedabad,Gandhinagar and Gujarat region. This portal is getting rich by 4000 good informative articles on tourism destination of Gujarat and near Ahmedabad,Gandhinagar,,Jamnagar,Vadodara,Surat,Rajkot. GujaratOrbit.com is one stop online portal to fulfill online need of Gujarat and Gujarat people. This portal provides you best information available for Gujarat state. We are putting all our efforts to take Gujarat mirror to all around the world.

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March 15th, 2010FAUNA in Karnataka

FAUNA
The State of Karnataka has a rich heritage of flora and fauna. The hill chain of Western Ghats is the only part of the State to retain some semblance of its natural biological heritage. This last refuge of the native fauna is subjected to rapid decimation with the coining up of several hydro-electric and irrigation projects, mining, the accelerated pace of forest exploitation and the increasing demand of land for plantation and crop husbandry. The area under forests in Karnataka today amounts to 38.72 lakh hectares i.e. 20 per cent of the total land area of the State. With the notable exception of Bonnet Macaque, which is under widespread religious protection throughout the State, the larger wild mammals are almost confined to the forest areas. The wildlife bearing forest areas of Karnataka are divided into six regions viz, Coastal region, crestline of the Western Ghats, Malnad, Old Mysore Plateau, Kollegal hills and the Maidan. The natural distribution of animals is largely determined by vegetation.

Region-I – Coastal Region : The district of Uttara Kannada and parts of Belgaum constitute the northern-most sector of the hill tracts of Karnataka. These hilly tracts have vegetation ranging from evergreen to dry deciduous types. Due to Kalinadi hydro-electric project and a great deal of Iron and Manganese ore mining, the habitat is highly fragmented and the forest cover is greatly disturbed. In this region, as per observed data, the gaur are scattered, sambar are much more widely distributed. Wild pig is most abundant and spotted deer is seen in majority of areas. Elephants are found scattered over a wide region. The Carnivores-tiger, panther and wild dog occur in low populations. This region was extremely rich in wild life in the past especially tiger and gaur.

Region II – Crestline of Western Ghats: This region lies south of Uttar Kannada. There is a narrow belt of forest following this crestline of Ghats. The vegetation ranges from evergreen to moist deciduous. Most of the major animals occur in this region but their population on the whole is very poor. Only a few isolated herds of elephants are found here. The gaur and sambar are frequently seen while the spotted deer occurs sporadically. Barking deer and sloth bear are also reported to be present. Wild pig is omnipresent. The Canivores – tiger, panther and wild dog are present but their occurrence rating is very low. This region is a poor habitat for most large herbivores and consequently for carnivores.

Region III – Malnad : This is characterised by dry and moist deciduous vegetation. The area is marked by conspicuous hills like the Bababudangiri range. This region has one of the best wildlife concentrations only second to Mysore plateau in the State, harbouring populations of elephants, gaur, sambar, spotted deer, wild pig etc. The anthropogenic pressures over this area are much less and hence the wildlife is somewhat less molested. The presence of perennial rivers, reservoirs and plenty of bamboos, grass and other fodder species with a moderate rainfall makes this region an ideal habitat for elephants.

Region IV – Mysore plateau : The western edge of Mysore Plateau, flanked on three sides by the southern-most ranges of the Sahyadris, Nilgiris and eastern spur of hills towards the Biligirirangan Hills, is an undulating plain and is covered by moist and dry deciduous forests. This area has the richest wildlife concentrations in South India, harbouring large herds of elephants, spotted deer, wild pig.^wild dog, sloth bear, gaur, sambar and occassionally tiger and cats.

Region V : Kollegal Hills : This hilly area is an eastern spur of the Western Ghats. Apart from the moist deciduous or semi-evergreen forests on these hills, the rest of the region is covered by dry deciduous forest mostly degraded into scrub. Elephant, sambar, spotted deer and wild pig occur throughout this region. The wild dogs have fairly extensive distribution, though tiger, gaur and panther are much more restricted. Almost all the wild life species occur in this region in small numbers except elephants.

Region VI – Maidan : There is very little forest in the Maidan areas on the Deccan Plateau and whatever is left is in highly degraded form. Ranebennur is notable for the occurrence of good herds of black bucks. Wolves are becoming rare but have been reported from several places in this plains.

November 4th, 2009PORTS OF KARNATAKA

PORTS OF KARNATAKA

Karwar Port: Karwar port has been considered as one of the finest natural ports in the world. It was predicted that the cargo movement through this port would be around seven million tonnes during 1995-96. The main export items are iron/manganese ore, granite blocks, agricultural, forest and marine products. Now it has also been declared as customs port and as an all-weather port. The total cargo handled (both import and export) during 1999-2000 is 4,59,400 metric tonnes. During 2003-04, it handled 3,25,845 tonnes of imports and 6,26,352 tonnes of exports. Under Tenth five year plan 2002-07 a sum of Rs. 2,800 has been alloted for the improvement of Karwar Port. During

the first two years of this plan period a sum of Rs. 781.11 lakhs has been spent for its improvement and development

Belikri Port : The Port handled exports of about 60,895 metric tonnes of iron/manganese ore, during 92-93. A sum of 90 lakhs was alloted in the Eighth Plan for the development of the port. It is located about 27 km to the South of Karwar. It handled 96,960 tonnes of exports during 2003-04. Under the 10th Plan for its improvement a sum of Rs. 6.58 lakhs has been spent during 2002-04

Tadri Port: The Port lies at the mouth of Aghanashini, about 54 km north of Honavar. About 2,790 tonnes of silica sand was exported through this port during 1992-93. It reduced to only 610 metric tonnes during 1999-2000.It hadled only 815 tonnes of exports during 2003-04. During the first two years of 10th plan period a sum of Rs. 13 lakhs was spent for its development

Kundapur Port : It is located about 96 km to the north of Mangalore, at the confluence of Gangolli river. There was considerable movement of traffic through this port, prior to the development of Karwar port. About 5,538 metric tonnes of goods were exported from this port in 1992-93. About 46,445 metric tonnes of cargo was handled during 1999-2000. During the first two years of 10th Plan period, a sum of Rs. 13 lakhs was spent for its development.

Bhatkal Port: In olden times Bhatkal was an important trading centre for foreign trade. This natural port, was a major outlet on the West Coast during Vijayanagara times. Bhatkal is situated about 40 km to the south of Honavar and at the mouth of the Sharabi river. Commercial traffic through this port is very negligible. A sum of Rs. 8 lakhs has been spent for its development during the first two years of 10th plan period.

Honavar: It is situated at the mouth of the Sharavati river and second important port after Karwar. The port has been developed during the successive Five Year Plans. Total exports handled by the port were 1,609 M.tonnes, during 1992-93. A sum of Rs. 12.85 lakhs has been spent for its development during the first two years of 10th plan period.

MaIpe : The Malpe port is located at the confluence of Udyavara river and lies 64 km to the north of Mangalore and five km to the west of Udupi. About 17,700 tonnes of silica sand exports were handled by this port in 1992- 93. In 1999-2000, 17,105 metric tonnes of silica sand was exported from this port. It handled 1223 tonnes of Imports and 9650 tonnes of exports during 2003-04. A sum of Rs. 148.67 lakhs has been spent for its development during the first two years of 10th plan period.

Hangarakatta: This port lies at the mouth of the Sitanadi and at a distance of 22 km south of Kundapur. During 1992-93, only 80 metric tonnes of cargo was exported from this port. A sum of Rs. 2 lakhs has been spent during 2003-04 for its development.

Old Mangalore port: No major development took place in the development of Mangalore old port in the previous plans. The old port is located about eight km South of New Mangalore Port and controlled by the State Government. By taking into account of the Shipping needs, it was decided to develop the port at an estimated cost of about 12.5 crores, in the VII Plan, construction of wharf and dredging of inner channel were completed. Total imports and exports routed through this port in 92-93, was 58,374 metric tonnes. This port also provided sea transportation to the Lakshadweep Islands. It handled 12,025 tonnes of imports and 94,808 tonnes of Exports during 2003-04. A

sum of Rs. 455.10 lakhs has been spent for its improvement during the irst two years of the 10th plan period. For the development of the Padubidri port a sum of Rs. 99,000 has been spent during 2003-04.

New Mangalore Port: The New Mangalore Port has been developed into an all-weather major port, by the Government of India. The port was declared in 1974, as ninth major port in the country and was developed over the years. During Eighth Plan, a sum of Rs. 60 crores was alloted by the Centre. Apart from it, some more facilities are expected to be created to handle crude oil, coal, LPG etc., and the user agencies have also agreed to meet the expenditure. Now this port is being administered by New Mangalore Port Trust Board under Government of India. Besides these, steps are being taken for the improvement of Old Mangalore port. Government of India has accorded sanction for handling petroleum products through Karwar port. Container service has been introduced there to serve Northern Karnataka. The Karwar, Belikeri, Tadri, Malpe, Honnavar, Bhatkal, Hangarakatta and Old Mangalore Ports together have handled 3.12 lakh metric tonnes of exports and 2.27 lakhs metric tonnes of imports for the year 1999-

2000. During 2003-04 they went upto 8.28 lakh metric tonnes and 3.39 lakh metric tonnes respectively.


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