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Ground Nut Festival

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Ground nut festival-Karnataka


Kadalekai Parishe, the annual groundnut fair is held on the last of Karthika Masa(month in Hindu calendar) near Dodda Ganesha, temple, close to the Bull Temple at Basavanagudi. The fair started from the previous day with people thronging to the stalls selling buying variety of groundnuts. The day is a full moon day with vendors from our state and the neighboring states bring their first harvest to the market.

A legend behind the Kadlekai Parishe is that in olden days farmers were aghast to learn that their crop was being devoured in the night by somebody, one of the farmers wanted to investigate and on Kaarthika Maasa night which was pitch dark, he found out that the culprit was none other than Lord Shiva’s abode Nandi or Basava. Since then farmers collectively pledged their first crop to the Lord Basava.Another legend founder of Bangalore Kempe Gowda had come to the temple and learnt about the story.

He had prayed for the welfare of the farmers at the temple, there he had a vision of a treasure which he acquired later was used to build a temple based on the architecture of Hampi of Vijayanagar empire.ncidentally, the big Bull Temple or the Basava Temple is on the hillock near Bugle Rock in Basavanagudi (Temple of Basava). Farmers from Tamill Nadu, Andra Pradesh and locals offer their first crop to the Lord Basava. During this time, every year, 100,000 lamps are lit at the Bull temple. This is accompanied by the annual fair for groundnuts.The entire Bull Temple Road will host the festive look during this time.

Location info:

District: Karnataka,India
Celebrate Time: february


During winter temperatures range from 32 degrees Celsius to below 20 degrees Celsius,Summer Average temperature is 34 degrees Celsius


In the past, Basavanagudi was surrounded by places like Guttahalli, Mavalli, Dasarahalli and other places where groundnut was cultivated. On every full moon day a bull would charge into the groundnut fields and damage the crop. The farmers then offered prayers to Basava (Nandi) to stop this and pledged to offer their first crop.Subsequently, an Idol of Basava was found close by. It has been said that, the Idol was growing rapidly, and the farmers nailed an iron peg on the head of the idol, which is visible in the form of a trishula even to this date. Later in the year 1537, Kempe Gowda, dedicated a temple to ‘Dodda Basava’ on top of the Basavanagudi hillock and installed the Idol. This temple is known as Bull Temple. Ever since, the farmers from surrounding villages come here every year and offer their annual harvest of groundnut as offering to Lord Basava. This is accompanied by the annual fair, which is known as the Kadlekai Parishe.


Ground nut festival or the annual groundnut fair is held on the last Monday of Karthika Masa in Dodda Ganesha temple, close to the Bull Temple at Basavanagudi in Karnataka. Similarly, Krishna Janamashtami is the celebration of Lord Krishna`s birthday on Krishna Paksha, which is held on the 8th day of the dark fortnight of the month of Shravan Masa. Mahashivaratri is a vital Karnataka Temple Festival that occurs on the 14th night of the new moon during the dark half of the month of Phalguna. On a moonless night in February, is considered as the night of Shiva, the destroyer. This is the night when he is said to have performed the Tandava dance of primordial creation, preservation and destruction.

Method of Celebration:

Kondakadalai(chickpeas, black and white) , Groundnut, Kaaraamani(Blackeyed beans, white and black) , Paasi payaru(whole moong dal), Kadalai paruppu (Channa dal) Are the items used for sundal. Chick pea needs to be soaked for 8 hours. Ground nut and kaaraamani can be soaked for an hour. Paasi payaru and kadalai parrupu are usually dry roasted and pressure cooked.Prasaadam on Saraswathi puja is black chickpea sundal and Boli/ Poli, along with a usual festival menu. Image of goddess Saraswathi is worshipped along with books and musical instruments, on this day.

Fried Gram:
A mixture of Sesame Seeds, Molasses, Coconut, Groundnuts and Fried Gram. In Karnataka this is prepared during Sankranthi festival and distributed among friends and family along with Sakkare Achchu/Sugar models, Plantain and Sugarcane piece.

Culture of Festivities:

Preparations are on for the festival. Huts depicting rural life are being built to sell groundnuts. Recipes made of groundnut will be made available on the premises of Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara Choultry. Cultural programmes will be held at Bugle Rock Park, Kohinoor Playground (behind Ramakrishna Math), Madduramma Temple ground in Srinagar and K.S. Narasimhaswamy Park in Kathriguppe. Mr. Vijaya Kumar said that all these years the festival was restricted to the sale of groundnuts and devotees having the darshan of Basavanna. He said: "With a view to making it a festival of Bangalore, we have decided to add cultural and religious programmes. Sale of groundnuts in huts, cultural programmes in parks around Basavanagudi and Teppotsava at the Yediyur Lake will definitely make a difference."

As part of the festival, there will be an orchestra by Venkatesh and troupe at Bugle Rock Park on Monday. Surya Kalavidaru will present Mahishasura Mardini and Punyakoti ballet on Tuesday. Surya Kalavidaru will present Karnataka Vaibhava ballet on Monday. Singer C. Ashwath will present Kannadave Sathya, a light music programme, on Tuesday at Kohinur Playground. Venkatesh and troupe will perform on Saturday and Honnavalli Krishna and troupe will stage a comedy play, Nage Nooru Bage, comedy play on Tuesday at Madduramma Ground. Kikkeri Krishnamurthy will render light music on Monday at Narasimhaswamy Park