The name of Bidar appears to be derived from 'bidiru' which means bamboo. The place seems to have been known for bamboo clusters in the past, came to be known as 'Bidaroor' and then 'Bidare', 'Bidar'. Though there are other versions of origin, the name 'Bidarooru' seems to be more near one and authenticated by contemporary literary works.
Bidar district is a dry place and is one of the worst draught-prone districts' in Karnataka. The district headquarter, Bidar, is a small town, with a majority Muslim population. Historically, Bidar was a part of the Bahamani Kingdom which comprised of Bijapur, Gulbarga, Bidar, Golconda, and Birar. The ruler of Bidar was Barid Shah. Bidar was later ruled by the Nizams of Hyderabad. After the formation of Karnataka, Bidar was brought under Karnataka State.
Bidar is a charming district- one of its charms being a very bracing climate practically throughout the district and for the greater part of the year. April and may are the hot months, but even during this hot weather period, the heat is often broken by sharp and sudden thunder showers. The cold weather is never too cold and the rainfall is never excessive though its excessive variation is often the cause, symptom and malaise of severe droughts. One other aspect of its charm is that it is full of history- every village and town being replete with monuments, legends, stories of velour, romance of beautiful princesses, long forgotten battles, feuding military adventurers and even of social reform movements that shook the very foundation and structure of medieval Hinduism.
Almost 700 kilometers from Bangalore, Bidar lies at the farthest north-eastern corner of Karnataka. Bifurcated and truncated during the re-organisation of states in 1956, it is only a fraction of its vast expanse in the erstwhile state of Hyderabad.
Present day Bidar covering an expanse of 5448 square kilometers of land lies between 17 o 35 !! and 18o 25!! North latitudes and 760 42!! minutes and 770 39!! east longitudes, with the districts of Nizamabad and Medak in Andhra Pradesh on the East and the districts of Nanded and Osmanabad in Maharashtra on the west. On the south lies the district of Gulbarga of Karnataka. This central position in the Deccan had for long imparted to Bidar, the pre-eminent position in the history of the Deccan though to-day it presents a picture of centuries of neglect and ruin.
The important rivers in the district are Manjra,Karanja,Chulki Nala, Mullamari,Gandrinala
The summer season is from the middle of February to the first week of June. This is followed by southwest monsoon season, which continues till the end of September. The months of October and November constitute the post-monsoon or retreating monsoon season.
The winter season is from December to middle of February and the temperature begins to decrease from the end of November, December is the coldest month with mean daily maximum temperature of 27.3 C and mean daily minimum of 16.4 C. From the middle of the February, both day and night temperatures begin to rise rapidly. May is the hottest month with mean daily maximum temperature of 38.8 C and mean daily minimum of 25.9 C. With the withdrawal of southwest monsoon in the first week of October, there is slight increase in day temperature but night temperature decreases steadily. After October, both day and night temperatures decreases progressively. The highest maximum temperature recorded at Bidar was on 8-5-1931(43.3 degree C) and the lowest minimum was on 5-1-1901(3.9 degree C).
The average annual rainfall at Bidar is 847.2mm. About 81% of annual rainfall is received during the period from June to September. Maximum rainfall is recorded in the month of September. The variation in rainfall from year to year is large and the district is drought-prone. The average numbers of rainy days in the district are 52.
- 231 B.C The Satavahanas who were ruling at Paithan as vassals of Mauryas proclaimed independence. They ruled over Dakshinapatha for about four centuries and a half. The Vakatakas dominated the Deccan.
- 345 A.D Kadambas rose to power Vaijayanti (Banavasi) was their capital and palasika (Halsi) a second capital Sindas of Ranjeru- Attale nadu
- 545 A.D Pulakesin I established chalukya power. He made vatapi( the Modern Badami) his capital
- 753 A.D Rashtrakuta Prince Danti Durga proclaimed him self the sovereign power in the Deccan. Manyakheta(Malkhed) was their Capital, jain temple at Kambithana(Kamthana)
- 913 A.D Rashtrakuta Karka 11 was dethroned by the Chalukya, Taila II, Taila's success was the beginning of the Chalukyan empire of Kalyani. 1042-68A.D Someshwara I removed the capital from Manyakheta to Kalyani
- 1075 A.D Kakatiya Beta II received Sabbinadu from Chalukyas.
- 26th February 1077 Coronation of Vikramaditya VI started Chalukya Vikrama Varsha Jalsangi Temple
- 1154 A.D Kalchuri Bijjala became the Mahapradhana to Taila III.
- 1155 A.D Bijjala Started carrying on the administration in the name of Taila III.
- 1157 A.D Kalachuri Bijjala assumed full imperial titles.
- 1162 A.D After the death of Baladeva, Basaveshwara was Minister to Bijjala. Allamaprabhu ascended sunya pitha in the anubhava mantapa
- 1167 A.D Bijjala abdicated the throne in favour of his son somideva or someshvara.
- 1181 A.D Somesvara IV the son of Chalukya Taila III became ruler after sweeping away the last remnants of Kalchuri power.
- 1188 A.D Yadava Bhillama seized Kalyana. The Kakatiyas also gained some territory of chalukyan empire as a result of the final dissolution of Chalukyan hegemony.
- 1270 A.D Yadava mahadeva was forced to surrender Bedadakota (Bidar) which was annexed to the Kakatiya Kingdom. Sinda Bhairava assisted Kakatiyas in the struggle
- 1318 A.D Badarkot (Bidar) and other places were ceded to Khusrau Khan
- 1320 A.D Kakatiya pratap rudra reoccupied Badarkot and other places.
- 1322 A.D Bidar Town which was on the frontier of Telingana and Baswakalyan forts were taken by Ulugh Khan(Muhammad-Bin-Tughluq) who was then a prince. Those town fort were left incharge of trust worthy officers with strong garrison.
- 1336 A.D The Vijaynagara empire founded.
- 1341 A.D Muhammad Bin Tughluq honoured Shihab-Ud-Din of Multan with the litle Nusrat Khan and conferred on him the Government of Bidar( One of the aqlims or provinces) with its dependencies on the condition that he should pay a revenue of one Crore of rupees annually into the kings treasury.
- 1345 A.D As Nusrat Khan could not fulfil the condition, he was expelled. Sadah Amirs (who were revenue collectors as well as military commanders under Mohd. Tughluq) rebelled. They elected one of their members Ismail Mukh as the sultan of Deccan. As he was aged, he readily abdicated his charge in favour of Hasan Gangu.
- 3rd August 1347 Zafar Khan (Hasan Gangu) was crowned and assumed the title of Ala-Ud-Din Hasan Bahman Shah at Daulatabad. He made Gulbarga his capital. Bidar was made a taraf/province under a governor. The Bidar town began to flourish as a provincial head quarters.
- 1358 A.D Azam-I-Humiyun of Bidar who defeated the Nayaka of warangal was appointed as the Governor of Golconda. 1364 A.D The Kingdom of warangal was finally destroyed by Ahmed shah
- 1378-1397 A.D Muhamad II established some schools for orphans at Bidar.
- 1396 The Durga Devi Xamam; a famine that lasted for 12 years and ruined the country between the Godavari and the Krishna.
- 1428 A.D On his return from Kherla, Ahmed stayed in Bidar for some time, where he was struck by its situation and climate that he decided to build a new city near its ancient fortress and called it Ahmadabad-Bidar.
- 1429 A.D Bidar became the new capital. Ahmed shah wali(1423-1436 A.D) laid the foundations of the Bidar fort. The construction was completed around 1432 A.D
- 1436-1458 A.D Ala-Ud-Din Ahmed-II . He built a large hospital at Bidar and staffed it with expert Muslim and Hindu physicians.
- 1453 Mohammed Gawan's arrival at Bidar.
- 1458-1461A.D Humayun was the sultan. He appointed mahmud Gawan as the Prime Minister, Commander-in-Chief and governor of Bijapur.
- 1461-1463 Nizamud-din-Ahmed II 1463-1482 Muhammad III Mahmud Gawan. Prime Minister, introduced many reforms, Great Madarsa of Mahmud Gawan was found by Gawan in 1472 A.D, Goa annexed to Bahmani Kingdom.
- 1471-1474 A.D Afanasy Nikitin a Russian Traveler was in the Deccan including Bidar.
- 5th April 1481 On the order of the monarch Muhammad III, mahmud Gawan was beheaded at Kondappalli Camp.
- 1523 A.D As Bahmani Sultan Alaud-din Shah was venturing to assert himself, he was dethrouned by Amir Barid.
- 1538 A.D The Bahamani dynasty faded out of history. Five smaller states emerged including Barid Shahi dynasty.
- 1543 A.D Ali Barid assumed royal appellation of Shah.
- 1619 A.D The Adil Shah of Bijapur took over Bidar.
- 1656 A.D The Mughal forces captured Bidar and Kalyani. Bidar was annexed to the Mughal empire.
- 1724 A.D Asaf Jahi Dynasty succeeded Mughal rule. Rule by governors.
- 1846 A.D Bidar was made the headquarter of a sadar talukdar (Commissioner)
- 1867 A.D "Bhalki conspiracy " was the echo of the great insurrection of 1857-58 in the region.
- 1891 A.D Govt. school at Bidar was made a High School.
- 1905 A.D Bidar was reduced to H.Q of Talluqdar(Collector)
- 29th August, 1911 The last member of Nizam dyansty Mir Osman Ali Khan, became the Nizam.
- 1922 Bidar Dist. Central co-operative Bank came into existence.
- 1st July 1932 The Railway line which passes through the Bidar district was opened for traffic.
- 17th Sept 1948 The Nizam announced on the radio about the surrender. The Nizam rule came to an end. Asafia Flag brought down. The Hyderabad state became a part of the Indian Union.
- 1952 Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Abdul Kalam Azad and Ku. Padmaja Nadu visited Bidar.
- 1955 Akhil Bharat Veershaiva Mahasabha held its sammelan at Basavakalyan. Sri Jayachamraj wadeyer, the then Governor of Mysore State laid the foundation of New Anubhava Mantappa Building.
- 1956 Vist of Dr. Rajendra Prasad to Bidar. 1st Novermber
- 1956 Bidar district along with other districts of Hyderabad Karnataka became part of Mysore state but only with four talukas. Basavakalyan Taluka was brought into existence in 1965
- 21st March 1961 Bidar Shakar Sakkare Karkhana Ltd., a sugar factory was registered under the Karnataka co-operative societies act.
- 1961 B.V. Bhoomaraddi College, First Degree College started at Bidar.
- 26th Nov. 1969 B.S.S.K Ltd., at Hallikhed started its regular production.
- 1998 SHG movement started in a big way in Bidar District by DCC Bank Ltd., Bidar.
- 2002 Naranja Sugar Factory (Under Opt. Sector) started its regular production.
- THE CHALUKYAS OF KALYANA
- 957 A.D Taila (Tailapa)II Manyakheta
- 1997 A.D Satyashraya Manyakheta
- 1008-1014 A.D Vikramaditya V Manyakheta
- 1014-1015 A.D Ayyana Manyakheta
- 1015-1044 A.D Jagadekamalla Jayasimha II Manyakheta
- 1044-1068 A.D Someshvara I (About 1048, Kalyana was made the metropolis of the kingdom in place of Manyakheta)
- 1068-1077 A.D Bhuvanaikamalla Someshvara II
- 1077-1127 A.D Vikramaditya VI
- 1127-1139A.D Someshvara III
- 1139-1149 A.D Jagadeka Malla II
- 1149-1162 A.D Taila III THE KALACHURIYAS
- 1162-1167/68 A.D Bijjala II
- 1167-1177 A.D Rayamurari-Sovideva
- 1177-1180 A.D Sankama II
- 1180-1183 A.D Rayanarayana Ahavamalla
- 1182/83-1200A.D Chalukya Someshvara IV
- SB Patil Institute of Dental Science
- Hkdet Dental College Hospital And
- NK Jabshetty Ayurvedic Medical College
- Shanthinikethan Institute of Physiotherapy
- RRK Educational Trust
- RRK Samithis College of Pharmacy
- KRE Societys Karnataka College
- SVET College of Pharmacy
- Gurunanak Dev Engineering College
- Rural Engineering College
- Basavakalyan Engineering College
- District Institute of Education & Training - Govt TTI
- Sri D Devraj Urs Mbe Societys TTI
- Bilal Edn Society S College of Education
- HKES Basaveshwara College of
- Sri Shivalinga Education Society Law Col
- Government Polytechnic,
- Dr Ambedakar Polytechnic
- Nittur Polytechnic
- Guru Nank Dev Polytechnic
- Khaja Abdul Faiz Polytechnic
- Haralaiah Polytechnic
- Karnataka ITI
- Shanthi Vidyavardhaka Education
- Rural ITI
- Basaveshwar Handicapped ITI
- Akka Mahadevi Mahila Mahavidyalaya
- Amareswara College
- BVB College of Arts Science & Commerce
- BVESBR Ambedkar First Grade College
- CB College
- Government Polytechnic College, Bidar
- Government First Grade College, Chidguppa
- Karnataka College
- Methodist Arts College
- SBC & SB College
- SSKB College of Arts And Science
- Al Ameen Comp Pu College
- Pannalal Heeralal Pu College
- BV Bhoomareddy Pu College
- Dr BR Ambedkar Pu College
- RRKS Ind Arts,sc & Com Pu College
- Gurunanak Independent Pu College
- Rajiv Gandhi Pu College
- Dr BR Ambedkar First Grade College Ha
- KRES Trust R, V Bidaha Law College
- Karnataka Law College
- Basaveshwara College of College of Pharm
- Sri Veerabadreshwara Education Trust
- Karnataka College of Pharmacy
Nursing Colleges in Bidar
- Akkamahadevi College of Nursing, Bidar
- Anjali School of Nursing, Bidar
- College Of Nursing
- College Of Nursing Prakash Ambedkar S. S
- Dr SRK School of Nursing, Bidar
- Florence Nightingale School of Nursing, Bidar
- Indian School of Nursing, Bidar
- Indira Priyadarshini School of Nursing, Bidar
- Indira School of Nursing, Bidar
- Maa Vishwa Palani Trust School of Nursing, Bidar
- Vasantha College of Nursing, Bidar
- Nida School of Nursing, Bidar
- Nightingale School of Diploma in General Nursing and Midwifery, Bidar
- Noor School of Nursing, Bidar
- Prayavi School of Nursing, Bidar
- Roohi School of Nursing, Bidar
- School Of Nursing - indian Education
- Smt MC Vasanta School of Nursing, Bidar
- Suleman College of Nursing, Bidar
- Vidya Vikas Trusts School of Nursing, Bidar
Law Colleges in Bidar
- Shri Mahadevappa Gaddagi Law, Bidar
- KRE Societys RV Bidap Law College, Bidar
|The prominent language spoken is Kannada,English. Other languages like Marathi, Urdu,Telugu and Gujarati are also spoken by small portion of population.
How to reach?
Nearest Railway Station:
Rail facility is available from Bangalore and Hyderbad. Bangalore - Nanded Link Express Via Bidar, Departure from Bangalore at 9.50 PM. Secundrabad - Manmad Express from Hyderbad Departure at 6 PM from Secundrabad Station, Hyderbad. Hyderbad - Aurangabad Express from Kachiguda weekly thrice. One can also take Udyan express or KK Express from Bangalore reach Gulbarga and take a bus from there, its 105 KMS from Gulbarga.
Rajiv Gandhi International Terminal, Begumpet, Hyderabad is Just 120 Kms away from Bidar District Head Quarters. Its just 2 and half hours drive from the airport to Bidar on NH9 till Zaheerabad and a diversion of 28 KMs after Zaheerabad.
From Bangalore many Govt Luxury Buses of KSRTC ply daily via Hyderbad, Its 16 hours journey from Bangalore via Hyderabad on NH 7 and NH 9. From Bangalore Via Gulbarga and Bellary its 20 hours journey. From Hyderbad Imaliban bus stand for every 15 minutes a Bus to Bidar is available from Plat form No 36.
Guru Nank Jhira, Bidar:Gurudwara Bidar is one of Holiest Place for Sikhs. Every Year this place attracts lots of tourists from all parts of the country particularly during the months of November and March. Legend has it that Saint Guru Nanak visited the palce while the land was in the grip of a famine The Guru performed a miracle at the request of the locals and a spring of water from the laterite rock mountain burst out. Till this day crystal clear water flows from the laterite trap.The belief is that drinking of this water cures many ailments.
Papnash Shiva Temple at Bidar::As per the local traditional saying, the Shiva Linga idol in this temple is one of those installed by Shri RAM during the time of his journey back from Lanka. The location of the temple in a valley is mesmerising to the eyes. Every year at the time of Shivrathri festival lot of tourists visit this place. A natural spring flows into a pond in front of the temple which is called 'Papnasha'
Narshimha Jhira Water Cave Temple:At this place the Powerful diety as per the belief here is situated in cave of nealy 300 meters. One has to wade through water upto chest height to have darshan of the diety. It will be thrilling experience with bats and owls sitting on the roof toop of cave but they will not do any harm to the devotees. In the year 1999 with efforts of an young IAS Officer Mr. M Maheswar Rao who was working as Assistant Commissioner and was incharge of this temple comittee got the cave Air conditioned and Electrified.
Dev DeV Vana (Botanical Garden):An Eco Tourism center 6 KM away from Bidar town on Bidar - Hyderbad Highway. With more than 200 medicinal plants, this vana is believed to be something of a unconventional temple of plants.
Veerbhadreshewar Jatra's at Humnabad & Changlare:Two very ancient temples of Lord Veerbhadreshwara in Humnabad Taluk one at Humnabad and one at Changlara village attract lakhs of tourists in the Month of January and November respectively for the yearly Jatra and cart pulling Mohotsav's. The temple at Humnabad constructed in 1725 is famous for its moving pillar.
Manik Prabhu Temple at Humnabad:It attracts lots of tourists in the Month of December at the time of Annual Celebrations. On the same ocassion every year a Night long Classical Musical function will be held and till now the likes of Bhimsen Joshi, Zakir hussain and many others have come here for this annual jatra mahotsav.
Chidambara Aashram, Shri Siddharudha Math, (Gumpa) Bidar :Chidambara Aashram, Shri Siddharudha Math, (Gumpa) is built in the year 1986 by Shri Shivkumar Swamiji. There are 12 Jyothirlingas on both the sides Shri Siddharudha statue. This is temple located at Manahalli Road, Bidar. This is also known as Gumpa. During last three decades Shri Siddharudha Math (Gumpa) has became the center of Religious, Educational and Social activities. Shri Shivkumar Swamiji delivers Pravachana in the month of July (Shravana masa), Navarathri, & Every Sunday Evening. Lots of devoties has the spiritual thrust in them. A visitor/devotees who visits holy places in bidar, if any devotee not visit this temple his yatra becomes incomplete. Every year lots of devotees from all parts of the India visits to celebrate Sadguru Siddharudha & Shivakumar Mahaswamiji Jayanti. This is Celebrated particularly in the month of November.
HISTORICAL MONUMENTS IN BIDAR
- BIDAR FORT-INNER FORT.
- The Sharaza Darwaza
- The Gumbad Darwaza
- The Rangeen Mahal
- The Royal Kitchens
- The Royal Baths
- The Tarakash Mahal
- The Gagan Mahal (Hevenly Palace)
- The Diwan-e-Am(Hall of Public Audience)
- The Takhat Mahal (Throne Palace) Royal Pavilion
- The Haraj Kothri
- The Naubat Khana(Band Hall)
- Sol Khamba Mosque Fortification and their cannons Old Fort, Pond etc.,
- The Choubara
- The Madrsa of Mahamud Gawan
- The Habshikot Dara of Hazrat shal Abdul Faid
- The humble grave of Mahammud Gawan
- The Bahamani Toms at Ashtur
- The Chaukandi
- The Baridi Tombs
- Other places of interest Bidar District.
- Papnash Temple and Pond
- Narsimha Zira
- Gurunanak Zira
- Gai Mukh
- Karaja Dam
- Dev Dev Vana
PLACES IN AND AROUND BASAVAKALYAN
- Fort Museum
- Basaveshwar Temple
- Parusha Katte
- Prabhudevara Gaddige
- Tripurantaka Lake
- Akkanagamma's Cave
- Basaveshwara Mahamane
- Vijnaneshvara cave
- Caves of Sharanas Mathas and Dargahs
- Manik Prabhu Samsthana at Maniknagar
Government Guest Houses
1) Habsikot Guest House, Mangalpet, Bidar
2) Forest Guest House at Dev Dev Vana Park
1) Hotel Sapana International, Boarding and Lodging with AC Suites available, Ph. No. 08482 220991 - 4
2)Hotel Krishna Regency, Ph. No. 08482-221991-5
3)Hotel Kamala Residency at Baswakalyan.
4) Guru Nank Guest House, Gurudwara Bidar.
5) DCC Bank Guest House at Noubad Bidar
6) Hotel Ashoka Boarding and Lodging near Depak theatre Bidar. Ph. No. (08482) 227621
7) Hotel Mayura, Near Bus Stand, Bidar Ph. No. (08482) 228764
8) Kaveri Lodge, Bidar Ph. No. (08482) 227453