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Bidar

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Bidar

About:

Bidar is a city and taluka in Karnataka state, India. It is the administrative seat of Bidar District. Bidar is also known as Karnatakda kerita.
Bidar city is known for its unique Bidri handicraft products. Manjeera is one of the main rivers supplying drinking water for Bidar and Hyderabad cities
In the NorthBidar Fortern most part of Karnataka lies Bidar. As you enter, the imposing Bidar Fort welcomes you with its five Darwazas (doorways / gates) that lead into a town nestled within the ramparts. Bidar was the capital of the Bahamani kingdom and later of the Barid Shahi dynasty. It is also an important Sikh Pilgrim center.

The historical fort of Bidar was a stronghold of the Bahamani Kings in the 14th and 15th centuries. The fort is surrounded by three miles of walls with 37 bastions, most of them surmounted with cannons. This fort was a source of irritation to the Mughal rulers of Delhi, and was finally conquered by Aurangazeb. The fort now lies in ruins. There is an Indian Air Force Station in Bidar, which was the Elementary Flying School (This has now been transferred to Secunderabad).

Location info:

Address:Bidar is a city and taluka in Karnataka state, India. Bidar is located in the northeastern part of the state of Karnataka, in the southern region of India. It is 669 km from Bangalore and 136 km from Hyderabad. It is located 2,200 feet above sea level on a plateau overlooking the Manjira river valley.
District:Bidar
Nearest City:Bidar
Best time to visit: The best time to visit Bidar is between October and March.

Climate/Weather:

The climate of Bidar is temperate with summers (April-June) being moderately hot and winters cool and pleasant (November-February). It experiences southwestern monsoon rains in the months of May to July.

History:

In ancient time, Bidar formed an important part of the kingdom of Vidharba, referred to in the Mahabharata. It became the part of the Chalukyan Empire in the 10th century. The capital city of the Chalukyan rulers is located at Kalyani, which is 57 km from here. Bidar witnessed many upheavals during the early medieval period. It was taken over by the Yadavas of Devangiri and later by the Kakatiyas of Warangal in the 14th century. It then became a part of the Bahamani kingdom in the 14th century. The disintegration of the Bahamani kingdom into five small states led to the rise of the town and the Sultanate of Bidar. Sultan Ahmad Wali I shifted his capital from present-day Gulbarg to Bidar and built a fort here in 1429. The Bahamani rulers ruled here until 1487. The chequered history of Bidar did not stop here. The Barid Shahi dynasty took over Bidar, which was in turn taken over by the Adil Shahi rulers of Bijapur. It was annexed and incorporated into the Mughal Empire by Aurangzeb in 1656 while on his way to conquer the southern parts of India. The Nizam rulers of Hyderabad took over Bidar in the early part of the 18th century. After India gained independence in 1947, the rule of the Nizam was abolished and Bidar became the part of the Indian state of Karnataka.

Historically, Bidar was a part of the Bahamani Kingdom which comprised of Bijapur, Gulbarga, Bidar, Golconda, and Birar. The ruler of Bidar was Barid Shah. Bidar was later ruled by the Nizams of Hyderabad. Bidar witnessed the "religious revolution" under the Lingayat Reformist Basavanna. Basavakalyan from where Shaivism spread .

Bidar boasts of several religious centers: The famous Nanak Jheera - the largest sikh temple atleast in Karnataka, carries the tale that Guru Nanak - the first guru of the Sikhs visited this place and got rid of the scarcity of drinking water in the region. A popular spot is the Sikh temple, Guru Nanak Jheera, where fresh crystal clear spring water appears from nowhere. To visit the Narasimha Jheera, you have to tread for atleast a furlong inside a cave with waist deep water ( and countless bats hanging from the roof!) to seek the a view of Lord Narasimha. Papanaash is a temple of Lord Shiva.....they say you can see snakes guarding the idol especially during Shivaraathri.


Interesting things to do:

Bidar is famous for BIDRIWARE a distinct and exquisite inlay craft of this district. It involves embedding silver or gold into basic metal, mostly an alloy of zinc which forms a bluish-black background for the silver or gold. You can find elegant Bidriware objects like water goblets, jewellery cases, ashtrays and a host of other articles that would be ideal gifts from Karnataka.

FAIRS & FESTIVAL
Thousands of devotees throng to Humnabad during Veerabhadreshwara Jatra, which is a local fair. This annual fair is held for seven days during January-February.

Interesting things to Visit:

The main tourist attraction of Bidar is its fort, which welcomes the tourist to the town, located within its precincts. Ahmad Wali Shah built this fort and the well laid out gardens and other monuments within it, in 1429. This fort has five imposing entrances or Darwazas. In the center of this fort is the old city with its monuments and structures, belonging to the Bahamani era. There are important palaces within the ramparts of the fort. The Rangin Mahal, once the royal abode, has ornately carved wooden pillars and Persian artwork. The Solah Kambh Masjid (16-pillared mosque) is the oldest Muslim building in Bidar, and one of the largest in India. The Gagan Mahal, the Diwan-e-Am, the Royal Pavilion, the Takhat Mahal are other important places to be seen within the fort. Of great importance for the visitor is the Mahmud Gawan Madarsa, which is in ruins but still has a few colorful remains of Islamic mosaic work on its walls. Surviving blue-glazed tiles and Q'uranic verses carved on the walls in flowing calligraphic style point to the erstwhile splendor of this building. The surrounding areas both west and east of the town are dotted with domed tombs of Bahamani and Barid Shahi rulers. These structures, though isolated, are captivating.


Pap Nash Temple: It is believed that Lord Sri Rama, on the way to Ayodhya from Lanka after defeating Ravana, visited this place and that resulted in the temple which would wash off his act of killing Ravana who is a Shiva Bhakt.

Narasimha Zarna: The temple virtually runs into a cave waterbody and is one of the unique in the world. The water in the cave will guide the pilgrims to the idol.

Madarasa: One of the oldest universities which was founded by Md. Gawan.

Mobile range info:


How to reach?

Nearest Railway Station:Bidar is connected by rail to Bangalore, Mumbai and Hyderabad.
Nearest Airport:The nearest airport is Hyderabad.
Road Transport:Bidar is 136 km from Hyderabad and 669 km from Bangalore. Buses ply from Bidar to Bangalore, Bijapur, Gulbarga, Raichur and Sholapur.

Nearest Visiting places:

There are a few places of tourist interest around Bidar. Basvakalyan, the capital city of the latter Chalukyas in the 10th century, is 80 km from Bidar, while Humnabad, 52 km from Bidar, is a famous pilgrim center and attracts thousands of devotees annually.

Nearest Petrol Pump:

Bidar

Hotels/Lodge/Accommodation:

There are very few hotels and lodges in Bidar. Whatever accommodation is available is of mediocre standard. We offer excellent accommodation facilities in and around Bidar.

Things to carry:


Tips & Suggestions:

Bidar was not industrialized for a very long time and only recently, Bidar has seen the arrival of several induatrial centers. There is an Engineering college run by the Sikh trust in the town. Additionaly, there are several other educational institutions (managed by both Christian Missionaries and other communities). There is an Indian Air Force station in Bidar, which was the Elementary Flying School ( This has now been transferred to Secunderabad). The main occupation of the people here is agriculture. Sugarcane, Jowar and wheat are the main crops.
One can take cycle-rickshaw or auto-rickshaw to move in the town.

Help Line/Phone Number:

Police Station:Hyderabad
Nearest Hospital:Hyderabad
Society/Community Phone Number
Links:
http://www.tourism-of-india.com/bidar.html
http://www.karnataka.com/
http://www.karnatakavision.com/
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Banavasi

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Banavasi

About:

Located on the border of Uttara Kannada and Shimoga districts, the ancient temple town of Banavasi has been a great religious hub for ages. The fact that it is regarded the most ancient city of India after Varanasi, speaks volumes about rich heritage of Banavasi.

Though Banavasi means 'nestled in the forest', it has a history rivalled by no other town in the entire state. Ptolemy, the ancient Greek geographer, wrote about a place called 'Bansi' in South India. Banavasi is the place where Pampa, the first poet of Kannada, wrote his epic poems. This was the capital of the Kadambas, the first kingdom of ancient Karnataka. This is where the temple architecture of the Chalukyas and the Hoysalas got its basic elements. This was the ancient place of learning to which scholars flocked from other states like Goa and Maharashtra

During its halcyon days, Banavasi was the capital city of the Kadamba kings, the first royal dynasty of Karnataka. The Kadambas established their empire in 345 A.D. and held supreme for two hundred years. The annual December cultural festival, Kadambothsav, is a huge gathering, organized by the state government, and featuring folk dancers, drama troupes, classical musicians, art exhibitions, while drawing together performers, artists, and writers from all of south India.

Location info:

Address:Located on the border of Uttara Kannada and Shimoga districts
District:Uttara Kannada district
Nearest City:Sirsi
Best time to visit: December- Kadambothsav and February- Mahashivarathri

Climate/Weather:

The ancient town of Banavasi can be visited any time of the year except in the monsoon months. Whether is good.

History:

Like Gangas of Talkadu, Kadambas are earliest sovereigns in Karnataka. The early rulers had sway over major part of Karnataka, and parts of Goa and Maharashtra. Talagunda inscription of C450 C.E states that Mayursharma was the progenitor and the dynasty got the name because of the Kadamba tree considered holy which grew at their early house. Recently found inscriptions take their history earlier. But the fact remains that Mayursharma a Brhamin youth, after completion of Vedic studies available locally, went to ghatikasthana at Kanchi, capital of Pallavas. Ghatika or ghatikasthana was an institution of higher learning. For reasons, not stated, Mayura was humiliated by the royalty at the time of Ashwamedha( horse sacrifice). Mayura became furious and decided to take up arms, giving up his Vedic learning. “The hand skillful in handling Kusha grass, fuel, stone, ghee, ladle and vessel (these are all the apparatus handled by the Brahmin priests for Vedic rituals), unsheathed a flaming sword eager to conquer earth” reads the inscription. Thus Mayurasharma became Mayuravarma (a Kshatriya) and became adept in arms. He built up an army and trained them in guerilla warfare. He defeated several chieftains and Bana king. The Pallavas were forced to accept his supremacy. He made Banavasi (in North Kanara District) his capital. His kingdom comprised of hilly region, western coast and Chitradurga district. His son Kanga succeeded him. Bhageeratha and Raghu ruled thereafter.

Interesting things to do:

Capital of the Kadamba Kings who established the first Kannada Empire in c. 345AD, Banavasi town (22 km. from Sirsi) is the site of an annual cultural festival - Kadambotsava held in December. The Madhukeshwara Temple, is famed for its architecture, deriving its name from the honey colored Linga. Of special interest is the intricately carved stone cot, which was actually used by the kings.

Interesting things to Visit:

The prime attraction of Banavasi is the renowned Madhukeshwara Temple built in the 9th century and dedicated to Lord Shiva. The Madhukeshwara temple is an amalgamation of several schools of architecture. The presiding deity of Madhukeshwara is a honey colored lingam dedicated during the period of Mayura Varma, the first king of Kadambas.

Mobile range info:


How to reach?

Nearest Railway Station:The nearest railway station is 112 km away in Shimoga. Sirsi, 18 km away, is the nearest town.
Nearest Airport:Bangalore
Road Transport:374 kms from Bangalore

Nearest Visiting places:


Nearest Petrol Pump:

Sirsi, 18 km away, is the nearest town.

Hotels/Lodge/Accommodation:

No lodging available (Better stay in Sirsi or Jog)

Things to carry:


Tips & Suggestions:

n its fertile soil grows rice, sugarcane, arecanut, spices and the famous Banavasi Pineapple.

Help Line/Phone Number:

Police Station:Sirsi
Nearest Hospital:Sirsi
Society/Community Phone Number
Links:
http://www.kamat.com/kalranga/deccan/kadamba.htm
http://www.bharatonline.com/karnataka/uttara-kannada/banavasi.html
http://www.bangalorebest.com/discoverbangalore/sightseeing/banvasi.asp
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Badami Nearest Attraction

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Badami Nearest Attraction

Aihole Historical
Once the capital of the early Chalukyan dynasty (6th to 8th centuries), Aihole is a picturesque village on the banks of the Malaprabha river. Variously called Ayyavole & Aryapura in the inscriptions, Aihole is historically famous as the cradle of Hindu temple architecture.....more
Pattadakal Historical
Pattadakal: Situated on the left bank of the Malaprabha River, Pattadakkal is a World Heritage Centre. The town has 10 major temples representing early Chalukyan architecture. Located on the banks of the river Malaprabha, Pattadakal is the capital of the Chalukya rulers.....more
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Badami Maps

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Badami

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Badami

About:

Badami, formerly known as Vatapi, is a taluk in the Bagalkot District of Karnataka, India. It was the regal capital of the Badami Chalukyas from 540 to 757 AD. It is famous for rock cut and other structural temples. It is located in a ravine at the foot of a rugged, red sandstone outcrop that surrounds Agastya lake. Badami Caves: Badami is an interesting place to visit in Karnataka what with its artificial lake, ancient temples, Museum and Hindu and Jain caves carved in the Sandstone hills. The largest and most ornamental is the third cave temple dedicated to Vishnu.

Location info:

Address:Badami, formerly known as Vatapi, is a taluk in the Bagalkot District of Karnataka, India.
District:Bagalkot
Nearest City:
Best time to visit: The ideal tome to travel here is September-February.

Climate/Weather:


History:

Badami was the capital of the Early Chalukyas, who ruled much of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh between the 6th and 8th centuries. It was founded in 540 A.D. by Pulakesi I(535-566 AD), an early ruler of the Chalukyas. His sons Kirthivarman (567-598 AD) and his brother Mangalesha I (598-610 AD) constructed the cave temples. The greatest among them was Pulakeshi II (610-642 AD) who defeated many kings including Pallava king Mahendra Verman I and extended the kingdom.

The rock-cut Badami Cave Temples were sculpted mostly between the 6th and 8th centuries. The four cave temples represent the secular nature of the rulers then, with tolerance and a religious following that inclines towards Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. cave 1 is devoted to Shiva, and Caves 2 and 3 are dedicated to Vishnu, whereas cave 4 displays reliefs of Jain Tirthankaras. Deep caverns with carved images of the various incarnations of Hindu gods are strewn across the area, under boulders and in the red sandstone. From an architectural and archaeological perspective, they provide critical evidence of the early styles and stages of the southern Indian architecture.

The Pallavas under the king Narasimhavarman I (also called Mamalla Pallava) seized it in 642 A.D. Vikramaditya I of Chalukyas drove back Pallavas in 654 A.D. and led a successful attack on Kanchipuram, the capital of Pallavas. The Rashtrakutas absorbed karnataka including Badami around 757 AD and the town lost its importance. The later Chalukyas of Kalyani defeated them and were able to keep region from 973 A.D. to 1189 A.D., when it was occupied by the Hoysalas.

Then it passed on to Vijayanagara empire, The Adil Shahis, The Savanur Nawabs, The Marathas, Hyder Ali. The Britishers made it part of the Bombay Presidency.

Interesting things to do:

Shopping: Bijapur is famous for its hand woven Ilkal sarees.Local Food Specialities: Non-vegetarian preparations distinctly Mughlai or Hyderabadi, Milk Sweets.

Interesting things to Visit:

Landmarks in Badami include cave temples, gateways, forts, inscriptions and sculptures.

* A Buddhist cave in a natural setting that can be entered only by crawling on knees.
* The Bhutanatha temple, a small shrine, facing the lake, constructed in 5th century.
* Badami Fort situated on top of the hill.
* Many Shivalayas including the Malegitti Shivalaya with 7th century origins.
* The Dattatreya temple.
* The Mallikarjuna temple dating back to the 11th century, built on a star shaped plan.
* a Dargah, a dome of an Islamic place of worship on the south fort side.
* Vista points on top of the North Fort for the view of the ancient town below.
* Temple of Banashankari, a Kuldevta (family deity) for many families, is located near Badami.
* Archaeological museum, that has collection of sculptures from Badami, Aihole and Pattadakal.

Mobile range info:


How to reach?

Nearest Railway Station:
Nearest Airport:
Road Transport:

Nearest Visiting places:


Nearest Petrol Pump:


Hotels/Lodge/Accommodation:


Things to carry:


Tips & Suggestions:


Help Line/Phone Number:

Police Station:
Nearest Hospital:
Society/Community Phone Number
http://www.karnatakavision.com/bijapur.php
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Aihole Nearest Attraction

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Aihole Nearest Attraction

Badami Historical
Badami, formerly known as Vatapi, is a taluk in the Bagalkot District of Karnataka, India. It was the regal capital of the Badami Chalukyas from 540 to 757 AD. It is famous for rock cut and other structural temples.....more
Pattadakal Historical
Pattadakal: Situated on the left bank of the Malaprabha River, Pattadakkal is a World Heritage Centre. The town has 10 major temples representing early Chalukyan architecture. Located on the banks of the river Malaprabha, Pattadakal is the capital of the Chalukya rulers.....more
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